Coronavirus is still very new and there are many things not clear about how it has infected millions of people across the globe including thousands of deaths. Global news report several things like –
- COVID-19 causes respiratory illness, so lungs get affected first.
- Damage can even occur in other body parts, especially if the COVID-19 positive person has a chronic illness.
- The early symptoms include cough, fever, and breathe shortness, which is experienced within 2 to 14 days, after getting exposed to coronavirus.
Health agencies and departments are advising the general public on how they can protect themselves from this pandemic coronavirus. COVID19 supplies like KN95 respirators, sanitizers, and masks can be purchased from online websites like customearthpromos.com.
How does coronavirus affect different body systems?
Coronavirus is still in its early phase but the cases studied until now reports on how Covid-19 impacts different body systems.
It is frequently seen that people suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome due to trauma, viral infection, and sepsis develop lung damage. Lung damage causes fluid leaks from tiny blood vessels present inside the lungs. This fluid accumulates in alveoli or air sacs making it hard for lungs to pass oxygen from the air you breathe to the blood. A recent report regarding COVID-19 suggests that the damage it causes is similar to MERS and SARS.
People positive for Coronavirus find it hard to breathe after 5 days of exposure, whereas in ARDS symptoms develop after 8 days and the treatment involves mechanical ventilation and supplemental oxygen. It allows the body to heal and the immune system to resolve the underlying problems.
COVID-19 symptoms include irregular heart rhythms, low blood pressure, and insufficient blood supply. However, still, there is no hint of whether coronavirus damages the heart directly.
People contracting coronavirus revealed gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhea and nausea. As the virus enters your body via lungs access to the intestine is easy. Nevertheless, researchers are unaware of whether the fecal transmission is possible.
The liver also belongs to the digestive system and due to infection the liver cells get damaged and leak high levels of enzymes in your blood. Increased liver enzymes do not indicate serious issues. Doctors treating COVID-19 patients showing liver damages are not clear whether it was caused because of the virus or medications used during the treatment.
The immune system is responsible to protect your body from foreign bacteria or viruses. Even though your immune system can rid the infection, it sometimes causes collateral body damage. The response can be in the form of an intense inflammatory called ‘cytokine storm’.
Cytokines are produced to combat infection but if there is overproduction, it can imbalance many regulatory functions associated with different organs.
Several coronavirus contracted patients reported acute kidney damage, which also required a kidney transplant. Similar problems were also experienced with MERS and SARS. In SARS, the scientist revealed that the virus affected the kidney tubules.
However, in this current situation, there is negligible evidence showing direct kidney damages. Some research professors report that due to pneumonia there is less circulation of oxygen, which can damage the kidney.